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China’s Economic Recovery Stumbles as Nomura Cuts 2023 GDP Growth Forecast

China's Economic Recovery Stumbles as Nomura Cuts 2023 GDP Growth Forecast


China’s economic recovery from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic is showing signs of losing momentum, prompting Nomura to revise its forecast for the country’s 2023 gross domestic product (GDP) growth. The financial institution has lowered its projection from 5.9% to 5.5% as recent data reveals that the world’s second-largest economy is grappling with a slowdown in various sectors. Both factory output and retail sales figures for April fell short of expectations, placing increased pressure on policymakers to take action and stimulate the economy.

China’s Slowing Economic Recovery

According to data released on Tuesday, China’s factory output and retail sales growth in April failed to meet projections, signaling a decline in the pace of the country’s economic recovery. This disappointing performance has led Nomura analysts to revise their second-quarter GDP growth forecast from 8.4% year-on-year to 7.8%. The revised figures highlight the challenges faced by the Chinese economy as it attempts to regain its pre-pandemic strength.

Factors Influencing the Downward Revision

Nomura’s downward revision can be attributed to various factors contributing to China’s faltering economic recovery. While the country has made significant progress in containing the initial impact of the pandemic, recent data indicates emerging challenges that need to be addressed promptly. Factors such as supply chain disruptions, a slowdown in domestic demand, and external uncertainties have all played a role in dampening China’s growth prospects.

Supply Chain Disruptions

One of the significant hurdles affecting China’s economic rebound is the disruption in global supply chains. The pandemic-induced disruptions have hampered the flow of goods and materials, impacting manufacturing activities in the country. Delays in receiving critical components and raw materials have slowed down production, leading to reduced factory output.

Slowdown in Domestic Demand

Another factor contributing to the weakening recovery is the slowdown in domestic demand. Despite efforts to boost consumer spending, Chinese households remain cautious due to lingering concerns about the economic outlook. This hesitancy in spending has restrained retail sales growth, creating headwinds for the overall economic revival.

External Uncertainties

China’s economy also faces external uncertainties that pose challenges to its recovery. Ongoing trade tensions with other major economies, such as the United States, coupled with geopolitical uncertainties, have impacted business sentiment and investment decisions. These external factors have further hindered China’s ability to regain its pre-pandemic growth trajectory.

Policy Measures to Stimulate Growth

Given the recent indications of a stumbling recovery, Chinese policymakers are under pressure to implement measures to revive economic activity. The revised growth forecasts by Nomura highlight the urgency to address the current challenges and provide the necessary impetus to support sustainable growth.

Monetary and Fiscal Policies

To bolster the economy, the Chinese government may resort to a combination of monetary and fiscal measures. Monetary policy tools, such as interest rate adjustments and liquidity injections, can be utilized to stimulate lending and investment. Simultaneously, fiscal policies, including tax cuts, infrastructure spending, and targeted support for key sectors, can be deployed to boost domestic demand and incentivize economic activity.

Promoting Domestic Consumption

To counter the slowdown in domestic demand, authorities may focus on promoting consumer spending. Initiatives aimed at increasing household income, reducing income inequality, and providing incentives for consumption can help rejuvenate retail sales. By bolstering consumer confidence and improving purchasing power, China can enhance the resilience of its economy.

Strengthening Global Trade Relationships

Given the impact of external uncertainties on China’s economic recovery, efforts to strengthen global trade relationships are crucial. The Chinese government can explore avenues for constructive engagement with other countries, resolve trade disputes, and foster a more stable and predictable trade environment. By pursuing mutually beneficial trade agreements, China can mitigate the risks posed by geopolitical tensions and enhance its trade prospects.


China’s post-COVID economic recovery is facing headwinds as recent data suggests a loss of momentum in key sectors. Nomura’s downward revision of China’s 2023 GDP growth forecast to 5.5% reflects the challenges the country is currently confronting. Supply chain disruptions, a slowdown in domestic demand, and external uncertainties have all contributed to the revised projection. In response, policymakers are expected to implement a combination of monetary and fiscal policies, promote domestic consumption, and strengthen global trade relationships to revive and sustain economic growth. These efforts will play a pivotal role in shaping China’s economic trajectory in the coming months and beyond.

Rogerio Alvarez is an experienced financial journalist and author who specializes in covering economic news for With a deep understanding of global finance and a passion for uncovering the stories behind the numbers, Rogerio provides readers with comprehensive coverage of the latest economic developments around the world. His reporting is insightful and informative, providing readers with the knowledge they need to make informed decisions about their investments and financial strategies.